Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

Fertility treatment that uses a catheter to put washed sperm (ie semen separated from seminal fluid) directly into the uterus, in an attempt to improve the chance of fertilization by increasing the number of sperm that get directly to the fallopian tubes, as a head start. The sperm must still reach the egg and fertilize it for successful conception. Women may, but do not need to, be on medication to stimulate egg production to further improve the chance of conception. The average success rate is 10-20% per cycle, though is often improved for women under 35 years old, and less successful for women over 35 years old. IUI is an option for couples who have tried conceiving unassisted for 6 months to a year, and may have a number of conditions leading to impaired fertility.